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Making sacrifice for Eid-ul-Adha

As salamu alaikum to all,

1.What are the exact rules for making the sacrifice for 'Eid-ul-Adhha?

2.What animals can be sacrificed?
And what are the rules for people sharing in the purchase of an animal?

3.Is there a guideline as to what type of animal should be purchased based on the number of people that are interested in splitting the cost?

"Al-udhhiya" 'Eid sacrifice is a Sunnah (recommended act) for any Muslim who is able to do it. This is the opinion of the majority of the scholars. Most scholars believe that slaughtering the 'Eid sacrifice is better than giving its value in charity.

The sacrificed animal should be from the livestock:
cows, camels, sheep and goats. As for the prevailing view in this concern might be that the sheep and goats are the best animals for the sacrifice because the Prophet (SAW) never slaughtered on the 'Eid any sacrifices except these kinds of animals. But the camels, the cows and the buffaloes could all be slaughtered as 'Eid sacrifices.

The 'Eid sacrifice should be in a good state and fat enough so that its meat could be eaten as this is a symbol of Allaah. And Allaah Says (what means):
(And whosoever honours the symbols of Allaah, then it is truly from the piety of the heart)

The 'Eid sacrifice should be more than six months old if it is a sheep as narrated by Ibn Maajah in a Hadeeth traceable in ascending order to the Prophet (SAW) as saying: "Only a Jaza'a of sheep can suffice as 'Eed sacrifice'' and the Jaza'a is the sheep that is at least six months old.

As for 'Eid sacrifice from the goats, it should be at least one year old. The cow, if chosen to be 'Eid sacrifice, two years old. But the camel should not be less than five years old".

The castrated animal can suffice because the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) observed 'Eed sacrifice with two castrated rams. Also the sheep that was born without a fat tail or which has at least half of its fat tail can suffice as 'Eid sacrifice. But the sheep whose fat tail was completely cut off does not suffice.

The time for slaughtering the sacrifice is after the Adhha prayer and slaughtering it before the prayer does not suffice as the Prophet (SAW) said: " The first (act) with which we start our day (the day of 'EId-ul Adhha is that we offer prayer. We then return and sacrifice the animals and he who does that in fact has adhered to our Sunnah (practice). And he who slaughters the (animal on that day before the 'Eid prayer), for him (the slaughtering of animal is directed to the acquiring of) meat for his family, and there is nothing of the sort of sacrifice in it".

He also said: "He who sacrifices (the animal) before offering the ('Eid) prayer, he should offer again in its stead, and he who did not sacrifice the animal should slaughter it by reciting the name of Allaah "

He should also say when slaughtering it "Bismillaah, O Allaah! It is from Your favor and for You".

Allah knows best. Alhamdulillah.


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