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Syeds in South Asia

Sayyids in South Asia

More than 14 million South Asians claim descent from the prophet, in South Asia, approximately 3% of the Muslim population of South Asia. Their ancestors migrated from different parts of the Arab world, Iran, Central Asia and Turkestan, during the invasion of Mongols and other periods of turmoil during the periods of Mahmud Ghaznavi, Delhi Sultanate and Mughals and until the late 19th century. Some early migrant Sayyids moved deep to the region of Deccan plateau in the time of the Bahmani Sultanate and later Qutb Shahi kings of Golconda, Nizam Shahi of Ahmadnagar and other kingdoms of Bijapur, Bidar and Berar.

Several visited India as merchants or escaped from Abbasid, Umayyad and Ottoman empires. They also ruled over India during the Delhi Sultanate during the short-lived period of 1414-1451. Their name figures in Indian history at the breakup of the Mughal empire, when the Sayyid Brothers created and dethroned Emperors at their will (1714–1720). The first Mohammedans appointed to the Council of India and the first appointed to the Privy Council were both Sayyids. Important Sayyid communities in India include the Sadaat Amroha, Nishapuri Sada'at of Barabanki, Saadat-e-Bara, Gardezi Sadaat, Sayyids of Hallaur, Sayyid of Gujarat, and Sadaat of Shergarh.
An estimate of number of Sayyids in South Asia is as follows:

Country Population Primary Language
India 6,696,000 Urdu
Pakistan 6,613,000 Western Punjabi, Sindhi, Urdu
Bangladesh 1,058,000 Bengali
Nepal 77,000 Maithili
Sri Lanka 10 Urdu
Totals: 5 Countries 14,444,000

Taken from Wiki: en.wikipedia.org

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